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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

136,111
RESULTS
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Media Type
9
collections
136,102
texts
Topics & Subjects
8,323
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
8,236
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
7,568
Natural history
7,530
Science
7,424
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
6,304
Botany
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Collection
136,110
Biodiversity Heritage Library
88,392
American Libraries
39,214
FEDLINK - United States Federal Collection
33,747
The National Agricultural Library
26,309
Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
12,737
The Boston Library Consortium
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
548
united states national museum
529
united states. bureau of fisheries
477
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
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Language
95,840
English
14,043
German
10,857
French
2,423
Latin
2,172
Spanish
2,125
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
7,489
ITEMS
5.3M
VIEWS
collection
eye 5.3M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,042
ITEMS
851,656
VIEWS
collection
eye 851,656
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
241,965
VIEWS
collection
eye 241,965
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
151,835
VIEWS
collection
eye 151,835
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby ...
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
2,414
ITEMS
109,680
VIEWS
collection
eye 109,680
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 98,585
favorite 10
comment 4
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 4 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
952
ITEMS
85,330
VIEWS
collection
eye 85,330
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
collection
eye 50,412
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 36,392
favorite 11
comment 3
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 31,300
favorite 20
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 29,500
favorite 3
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 27,935
favorite 56
comment 5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 27,244
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 22,063
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 20,631
favorite 10
comment 0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 19,340
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 18,852
favorite 4
comment 1
Contains bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 18,331
favorite 15
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,345
favorite 1
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 16,701
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 16,613
favorite 1
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,532
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 16,377
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 16,265
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 15,865
favorite 6
comment 2
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 15,842
favorite 0
comment 1
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,634
favorite 2
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 183-188
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,522
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Journal move 1991
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,034
favorite 5
comment 0
Source: London, UK
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 14,841
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 14,265
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 14,114
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,102
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,752
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 13,668
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 13,500
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
texts
eye 13,372
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 13,074
favorite 3
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 601-669
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 13,015
favorite 4
comment 0
Topic: Botany
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 12,868
favorite 0
comment 1
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 12,747
favorite 1
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 12,665
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 12,665
favorite 3
comment 1
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,545
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,504
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,447
favorite 0
comment 1
Includes bibliography
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 12,150
favorite 7
comment 3
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Includes bibliographic references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,094
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,078
favorite 0
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,074
favorite 0
comment 1
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
texts
eye 12,057
favorite 0
comment 0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 12,036
favorite 5
comment 2
Bibliography: p. 18
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 11,973
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 545-569
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 11,945
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
texts
eye 11,876
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,845
favorite 1
comment 0
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 11,517
favorite 0
comment 1
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
favorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
texts
eye 11,421
favorite 0
comment 1
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
favoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 11,412
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
texts
eye 11,397
favorite 2
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 11,339
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 11,230
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 11,214
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 11,010
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973; Lechevalier, Hubert A
texts
eye 10,982
favorite 1
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 237-239
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Actinomyces, Antibiotics, Actinomycetales, Antibiotics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
texts
eye 10,952
favorite 3
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Vol.1-5, 1903-1915. Supplement, Vol.6-8, 1922-1940